MEGATREND: SCARCITY OF RESOURCES
Companies that use energy, water and other raw materials responsibly will have a competitive edge in global markets by 2030. We tell you which raw materials companies should take a look at in the coming years.
Global consumption of primary energy will increase by 26%. Oil will lose some market share to renewables. The gap in energy consumption between developed and developing countries will widen, with developing countries consuming 79% more energy than developed countries in 2030.
Total annual water demand will increase 53%. Only 76% of the rural population (but 94% of the urban population) have access to clean water today. The problem of water pollution will not be solved by 2030. Rapid urbanization and unsustainable agriculture will delay improvement in water quality.
Demand for food will rise due to the growing population and growing per capita food consumption. The world's food production is at risk of declining by 2030 as a result of changes in the ecosystem caused by climate change. As resources get scarcer, conflicts will intensify up to 2030. The polarity between exporting and importing countries will make trading raw materials an issue of national political interest.